Polish is a West Slavic language spoken in Poland. With 55 million speakers, it is the second largest Slavic language. In addition to Poland, where it is an official language, Polish is also spoken by significant minorities in Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, Germany and the United States. It is written with the Polish alphabet. Polish is considered to be one of the most difficult and hardest languages to learn. Some believe IT IS the hardest language to learn on Earth. It is the second widely used Slavic language after Russian and the largest West Slavic one in terms of the number of speakers. Learn Polish and you get other West-Slavonic languages almost for free: Czech, Slovak, Sorbian are closely-related languages. And you will have a real advantage learning any other Slavonic language: Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Russian, Slovene, Serbian and Ukrainian.
What is Poland famous for?
The most famous Polish beers are Tyskie, Żywiec, Okocim and Lech. The other Polish significant alcohol is Vodka. Poland produces one of the best Vodka's in the world, and usually they drink it as shots.
Poland's most beautiful city.
Krakow – a city with history and a dragon. Krakow is Poland's former royal capital with many historical monuments of culture and art.
/From Website Operator/ I, myself have been there 3 times and personally like what's left of the city wall. Impressive fat brick wall, with a little fort outside of it.
Very well built.
Poland’s history as a state begins near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in central and eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union “Solidarity” that over time became a political force with over ten million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A “shock therapy” program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.
Country name: conventional long form : Republic of Poland
Conventional short form : Poland
Local long form: Rzeczpospolita Polska
Local short form: Polska
Government type: Republic.
Capital: name: Warsaw
Population below poverty line: 10.6%
Telephones—main lines in use: 6.125 million
Telephones—mobile cellular: 50.84 million
Broadcast media: state-run public TV operates 2 national channels supplemented by 16 regional channels and several niche channels; privately owned entities operate several national TV networks and a number of special interest channels; many privately owned channels broadcasting locally; roughly half of all households are linked to either satellite or cable TV systems providing access to foreign television networks; state-run public radio operates 5 national networks and 17 regional radio stations; 2 privately owned national radio networks, several commercial stations broadcasting to multiple cities, and many privately owned local radio stations.
Internet country code: .pl
Airports—with paved runways: total : 87
Airports—with paved runways over 3,047 m: 5
Airports—with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 30
Airports—with paved runways1,524 to 2,437 m: 36
Airports—with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 10
Airports—with paved runways under 914 m: 6
Airports—with unpaved runways: total: 39
Railways:total: 19,428 km
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 7,817,556
Manpower fit for military service: females age 16-49: 7,766,361
As a member state that forms part of the EU’s external border, Poland has implemented the strict Schengen border rules to restrict illegal immigration and trade along its eastern borders with Belarus and Ukraine.
(End of excerpt from the CIA World FactBook text. You can download a full copy via a post on our frontpage.)
Polish Language Learning Pack (Updated).
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